Medicinal plant Guggul uses and pictures (Commiphora wightii)

Medicinal plant Guggul uses and pictures (Commiphora wightii)

Guggul plant is found everywhere in India. It is small and thorny, and the leaves are simple and trifoliate. It is a perennial herb. As a shrub, it grows up to maximum 4m height. The gummy resins are used to make Agarbati. The thick smoke with fragrance is also used to cast out evil spirits locally. Because of its myrrh like smell, it is used to make incense and perfumes. The reference of this plant is also used in ‘Sushrutasamhita’.

commiphora wightii plant

Common name


Botanical name and family

Botanical name- Commiphora wightii

Family- Burseraceae

Geological distribution of Guggul

It is seen in Africa and Central Asia. It is found widely in Northern India. But in Pakistan, India and Nepal, Guggul is cultivated commercially. It is also found in Madagascar, Indian Ocean, Australia and Pacific Islands. In India, Guggul is famous in Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan. It has proved its highest use in Gujarat and Rajasthan.

Medicinal use of Guggul

Guggul is used in the Indian system of Ayurveda traditionally since centuries. The chemical constituent found in Guggul is Guggulsterone. Guggul protects the nervous system, respiratory system, circulatory system, reproductive system and digestive system. It also contains the antioxidant compound. The Guggul in dried condition can be stored for medicinal purpose.

  • Guggul has been used as an important herb in Indian Ayurveda.
  • Tribal people use the twig of Guggul as a toothbrush because of its medicinal value.
  • Guggul is used to increase metabolic rate in the ladies.
  • Because of anti-inflammatory nature, Guggul is used to burn fat in human bodies. It increases body’s metabolic rate and reduces body fat. Hence, it is used for weight loss.
  • It helps in functioning of the thyroid. It has been proved of reducing breast cancer.
  • Guggul is used to lower the level of blood sugar.
  • It is used against heart diseases, hence reduces stroke.
  • Guggul has an excellent effect against rheumatism since centuries.
  • Guggul is effective against painful menstruation. It is also used in the treatment of leucorrhoea.
  • Lipids present in Guggul reduce high blood pressure. It is also used to support cardiac system.
  • It is used for the treatment of typhoid.
  • The gum raises the level of good cholesterol and at the same time decreases the bad cholesterol. Thus, it is used to level cholesterol and triglyceride.
  • The leaves are diuretic and rejuvenating.
  • The gum is used against muscle spasms, leprosy and for the treatment of nervous disease.
  • Traditionally, it is used for the treatment of children who suffer from oral problem.
  • The gums resins soaked with hot water and gaggled cure pyorrhoea.
  • It works against skin disease and acne. Guggul is also used to clear redness and swelling caused due to acne.
  • Guggul is used for the treatment of tumours in the abdomen and useful for constipation.
  • It is used in the cleaning of soars because of its antibacterial action.
  • Gum of Guggul adds nutrition to hair and is used for the growth of hair.

guggal gum imageGuggal gum

Guggul has been proved protective against diseases, but it is always helpful to contact a specialist in pregnancy.